talk的用法

talk这个词既能作动词,又能作名词,还能搭配各种词形成短语,所以相当有用,学会它,就等于学会了一大堆关于“说话”的用语。所以这一篇就来聊聊talk最常见的那些用法。

一.作名词

Talk作名词时,表示谈话、交谈、演讲等,是可数名词。如:

【例句】 I like TED talks. 我喜欢TED演讲。

Let’s have a talk. 我们谈一谈吧。

二.作动词 Talk作动词时大多用法是作为不及物动词,即需要加上介词形成动词短语才能跟宾语,或者单独使用,不加宾语。

1.不加宾语,单独使用

【例句】 We need to talk. 我们需要谈一谈。

Money talks. [谚语]金钱万能。

Now you're talking. [口语]这才像话。

2.组成短语

talk加上各种介词或介词短语,构成不同含义的短语。

a.Talk to “和某人说话、谈话”,后面的宾语应该是人、说话的对象:

【例句】 Let me talk to him. 让我跟他聊聊。

b. Talk with “和某人交谈”,宾语也是人,与talk to的区别在于,talk to比较着重一方对另一方说话,而talk with则是双方的交谈:

【例句】 It was nice talking with you. 和你聊天很高兴。

c. Talk about “讨论、谈某件事”,宾语应该是谈话的话题、内容,可以是人,也可以是其它事物:

【例句】 Are you talking about the Olympics? 你们在讨论奥运会吗?

d. Talk through “详细讨论、解释,说明白”,宾语是讨论的内容,还可以加上with someone, 即talk through something with someone表示“和某人详细讨论某事”:

【例句】 I think we need to talk through the new system with the manager. 我觉得我们需要和经理详细解释一下新系统。

e. Talk into “说服某人做某事”,结构是talk someone into doing something 或 talk someone into something:

【例句】 You can talk him into coming to the party. 你可以说服他来参加派对。

f. Talk out of “说服某人不做某事”,和talk into是反义词,结构是talk someone out of doing something 或 talk someone out of something:

【例句】 She talked me out of my decision. 她说服我放弃了决定。

g. Talk behind someone's back “在背后说某人坏话、议论某人”:

【例句】 Are you talking behind my back? 你们是不是在背后说我坏话了?

h. Talk back “顶嘴”,“和某人顶嘴”就是talk back to someone:

【例句】 Don’t talk back to your teacher. 不要跟你的老师顶嘴。

最后再介绍一个有趣的短语:talk the talk, walk the walk. 这句话的意思是“言出必行,言行一致”,这里第一个talk是作及物动词用,第二个talk是作名词,是第一个talk的宾语,后半句的walk意思是走路、散步,第一个作动词,第二个作名词,两部分结构一致,并且非常押韵。 后半句还常用作否定形式,即talk the talk, but don’t walk the walk, 表示“言行不一,光动嘴不动腿”,例如: My colleagues always talk the talk, but don’t walk the walk. 我同事们总是只动嘴,不动腿。

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