• Cabernet Sauvignon:赤霞珠。原产于法国波尔多。非常著名的葡萄品种,皮厚,成熟期长,产量低。赤霞珠做的葡萄酒酒体饱满,单宁高,酸度明显。
  • Merlot:梅洛,法国最为广泛种植的葡萄品种。
  • Pinot Noir: 黑皮诺;noir是法语的“黑”。因为电影《Sideways》而流行。
  • Sangiovese: the predominant red wine grape of Tuscany in Central Italy. Makes a hearty, dry red wine.
  • Shiraz/Syrah: the classic Rhone Valley grape, Shiraz is the Australian name.
  • Zinfandel: the "American wine grape", from California.
  • White Zinfandel: remove red Zinfandel grapes from the juice before they impart significant color.
  • Tempranillo: 主要产于西班牙和葡萄牙。Temprano在西班牙语里的意思是"early",因为这种葡萄成熟的比较早,但也因为这个,Tempranillo的香气较弱,通常和其他葡萄(如Grenache或Carignan)进行混合,或在橡木桶中保存来吸收木桶的味道。


  • Chardonnay: 美国最流行的白葡萄酒品种。原产于Burgundy。也用于生产香槟。通常过橡木桶。
  • Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio: French and Italian names. (Gris/Grigio = grey) Pinot Grigio is the second most popular white wine variety sold in the United States.
  • Sauvignon Blanc: native to Loire and Bordeaux. Usually fermented in stainless steel tanks to preserve the acidity of the wine
  • Riesling: originated in the Rhine region. Can be semi-sweet or sweet or dry (sometimes labeled as Dry Riseling).
  • Gewürztraminer: A very aromatic variety. Pink skin. Typical aromas reminiscent of pink flowers and lychees. Grown all over the Alps. "gewürzt" means "spiced" in German. "Traminer" is another variety (green-skinned), Gewürztraminer is an aromatic mutation of Traminer.
  • Semillon: with distinct fig-like character. From France.
  • Pinot Blanc (Blanc = white)

气泡酒 Sparkling wine

  • Champagne: 香槟。不是所有的气泡酒都叫香槟。只有在法国Champagne酒区生产的sparkling wine才能叫香槟。主要葡萄种类:Pinot noir, Pinot meunier, and Chardonnay。比较知名的品牌:Dom Pérignon,Krug。
  • Crémant: 也来自法国,名字的意思是"creamy"
  • Moscato: 一种意大利的气泡酒.
  • Cava: 一种西班牙的气泡酒.