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Pilot English

字母

字母的发音有的很接近,比如 B 和 D,航空术语中用一个词来代替字母以减少歧义,比如把 B 读作 Bravo,D 读作 Delta。这是 ICAO 定的标准 phonetic alphabet:

  • A - Alpha
  • B - Bravo
  • C - Charlie
  • D - Delta
  • E - Echo
  • F - Foxtrot
  • G - Golf
  • H - Hotel
  • I - India
  • J - Juliet
  • K - Kilo
  • L - Lima
  • M - Mike
  • N - November
  • O - Oscar
  • P - Papa
  • Q - Quebec
  • R - Romeo
  • S - Sierra
  • T - Tango
  • U - Uniform
  • V - Victor
  • W - Whiskey
  • X - X-ray
  • Y - Yankee
  • Z - Zulu

数字

大部分数字和正常的英语一致,以下几个除外:

  • 3 读作 tree
  • 5 读作 fife
  • 9 读作 niner

超过一千的:

  • 4,500 要读作 four-thousand-fife-hundred, 不能读作 fortyfive-hundred
  • 10,000: one-zero-thousand,不能读作 ten-thousand
  • 11,000: one-one-thousand
  • 12,000: one-two-thousand
  • 12,500: one-two-thousand, fife hundred
  • 13,000: one-three-thousand

高度超过18,000 ft,要改用flight level, 例如 FL 250

  • 23,000: Flight Level Two Tree Zero

小数点. 读作point。

单独读每个数字:

  • course, heading, wind direction,例如 Course 050 => Zero Fife Zero
  • speed: 120 kts => One Two Zero knots

整个数字一起读:

  • VFR Flyway,比如V12 => Victor twelve
  • ATC traffic report / relative position: one o'clock, twelve o'clock

时间

默认Zulu 时间,其实就是 UTC。

如果是本地时间(Local time)加上“Local”: 0920 Local

20分读作:two zero minutes past the hour

固定用语

  • Roger: "I have received your last transmission" (NOT to answer a yes/no question)
  • Affirmative / Negative: to answer yes/no questions
  • Wilco: "I have received your message, understand it, and will comply".
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