【零基础说英语】第49课 见面问候语之 —— How are you doing & well

上节答案

1.把Qiang Li回答的几句话的主语I换成其它单数人称代词或人名,注意谓语要随之改变: She is a teacher. She teaches English. 她是个老师,她教英语。

2.翻译“我们教中文”、“他们是老师”、“他教我”,注意人称代词作宾语时要用宾格: We teach Chinese. 我们教中文。

They are teachers. 他们是老师。

He teaches me. 他教我。

3.在teacher前面加上修饰语,如 his / Andy's / Chinese等: She is his teacher. / She is Andy's teacher. / she is a Chinese teacher. 她是他的老师。 / 她是Andy的老师。 / 她是个中文老师。

4.把"I'm May's student"这句话变成复数形式,即主语换成复数的we / they,注意谓语要随之改变, 同时student需要变成复数形式: We are May's students. / They are May's students. 我们是May的学生。 / 他们是May的学生。

本节单词

doing

well

用法释义

1.不知道你是否注意到,前面所有的句子中谓语is,am,are都不会跟动词同时在一个句子中出现,而本节要讲的这个句子"How are you doing"中却既有谓语are,又有动词do,这涉及到句子时态“现在进行时”,关于句子时态我们在后面的课程细讲,这里只要了解doing是do的进行时态;

2.前面课程学过一句见面问候语"How are you", 在这句末尾加上"doing"就变成了今天学的这句"How are you doing",它在口语中也十分常用,它的意思跟"How are you"差不多,也是表示问候,“你身体好吗?”、“你过的怎么样?”等。

3."How are you"或"How are you doing"只要主语you换成其它人称,并把谓语are相应改变,整个语序不变,就可以表示对其他人的问候了,比如说"How is she?"或"How is she doing?"就是对“她”的问候。

4.对于"How are you"或"How are you doing"的回答,前面学过"good" 或 "I'm good." 本节再学一句"I'm doing very well." 即“我过的非常好”,这里"well"是"good"的副词形式,用来修饰动词"do",注意形容词不能修饰动词,需要变成副词形式; very——“非常”,是程度副词,可以用来修饰形容词、副词,例如前面课程提到的"Thank you very much.",very修饰much;在"I'm doing very well"里,very修饰well,表示“非常好”; 口语中还经常说"I'm doing good", 虽然与语法不太相符,但也被人们用习惯了,所以口语中这样回答也可以。

实例讲解

Andy:Good evening May. How are you doing? 晚上好May,你怎么样?
May: Good evening Andy. I'm doing very well. Thank you. You? 晚上好Andy,我很好,谢谢,你呢?
Andy:I'm good. How are your students? 我挺好的。你的学生们怎么样?
May: They are very good. 他们都很好。

May说的"I'm doing very well"是对"How are you doing"的回答; Andy说的"How are your students"即"How are you"中的主语you换成 your students,表示对May的学生们的问候。

举一反三

1.将May说的省略形式"You?"换成完整句子原形;

2.将Andy说的"How are your students"中的主语your students换成其它人称或人名,注意谓语要随之改变。

3.尝试将学过的动词变成进行时态;

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