词类 (Part-of-Speech)

句子结构 (Sentence Structure)

句型 (Sentence Types)

  • 陈述句(declarative sentence)
  • 疑问句(interrogative sentence)
  • 感叹句(exclamatory sentence)
  • 祈使句(imperative sentence)
  • 肯定句(affirmative sentence)
  • 否定句(negative sentence)
  • 被动句(passive sentence)

从句类型 (Clauses)


  • Complex sentence:combines an independent clause with one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinating conjunction(after,although,because, since, when) or a relative pronoun(that, which, who)
  • complex sentence with a noun clause(eg.I think that you are absolutely right.)
  • complex sentence with a adjective clause. An adjective clause is a dependent clause that functions like an adjective; an adjective modifies or describes a noun.
  • complex sentence with a adverb clause. An adverb clause is a dependent clause that functions like an adverb; an adverb modifies or describes a verb. eg.When the food arrived, the children ate everything.
  • complex sentence with a relative clause(eg. A good friend is a person who accepts you for yourself)
  • complex sentence with an adverbial clause.An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
  • Compound sentence: contains 2 independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet)(eg. Scott was playing soccer, so Mary went to the beach)

句子时态 (Tense)

  • 一般现在时(present simple)
  • 一般过去时(past simple)
  • 一般将来时(future simple)
  • 现在进行时(present progressive)
  • 过去进行时(past progressive)
  • 将来进行时(future progressive)
  • 现在完成时(present perfect simple)
  • 过去完成时(past perfect simple)
  • 将来完成时(future perfect simple)
  • 现在完成进行时(present perfect progressive)
  • 过去完成进行时(past perfect progressive)
  • 将来完成进行时(future perfect progressive)